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European history: emergence of a new human type


The process of modernization in Europe is generally described in terms of shifting centres of power and creativity, in which the following sequence of nations is popular: Italy, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Russia and North America. Here I will describe how that European history is motored by a series of revolutionary events, that changed the face of the world. New law, new types of speech, new values, new language emerged in these revolutionary events. The process took place in different regions, is involved different social classes and each of them changed the institutional landscape of Europe.




The philosopher Francis Bacon (1561-1626), who helped bringing about the modern empirical scientific method and who formulated the possible outcomes of using this method in his utopian Nova Atlantis, identified three key inventions which started a process of change and transition, which finally culminated in the rise and world dominance of the West: gunpowder, the compass and book-printing. All three originated in China, but they got their development power in the European context. Apparently, these inventions were fuel to the fire of the European development process leading to the welfare and dominance of the West in the present world. But what has been the motor of the European development dynamics?


This question is not only a scientific challenge for historians trying to understand the rise of the West, but also is relevant for the planning and execution of development processes all over the world. What should developing countries do and not do business European heritage?